© 2015 by Flip PETILLION.

 

 

Books

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2017/20). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • The implementation of IP Enforcement Directive 2004/48/EC in Belgium (Handhaving van intellectuele rechten in België / Respect des droit intellectuels en Belgique), 2017, Larcier. Editor and author Flip Petillion.

  • Competing for the internet. ICANN Gate - An Analysis and a plea for judicial review through arbitration, 2017, Kluwer. Authors: Flip Petillion and Jan Janssen.

  • Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2016/20). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2015/20). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2014/18). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2013/20). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2012/20). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2011/18). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2011/01). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2009/20). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2008/20). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • “Postwetgeving,” Larcier ThemaWetboeken (2008). Co-Authors: Flip Petillion and Dirk Appelmans.

  • “Case Law overview on Intellectual Property,” RABG (2007/15). Editor: Flip Petillion.

Articles

 

  • Law Business Research Trademarks Law Review, Belgian Chapter. Author Flip Petillion.

  • Chambers & Partners Global Practice Guide 2018 on Telecom, Media & Technology (TMT), Belgian Chapter. Author Flip Petillion.

  • Choosing an Arbitrator. Article available on the website. Author Flip Petillion.

  • Choisir un arbitre. Article available on the website. Author Flip Petillion.

  • De keuze van de arbiter. Article available on the website. Author Flip Petillion.

  • The ICC Intellectual Property Roadmap. Current and Emerging Issues for Business and Policy Makers (13th Edition) (2017). Co-author: Flip Petillion.

  • “The UDRP road so far: successes”, Trademarks & Brands Online (November 2016). Co-author: Flip Petillion.

  • De samenstelling van het scheidsgerecht (an article on the constitution of the arbitration tribunal), in Liber Amicorum Professor Michel Flamée, 2016.

  • The ICC Commission on Intellectual Property: Questionnaire on Specialized IP Jurisdictions (October 2016), Co-author: Flip Petillion.

  • “Plagiaat in de muziekwereld: wie is bang van een deskundige rechter?” (a comment on the Madonna case related to the alleged copyright infringement and the song ‘Frozen’), Ingénieur Conseil (to be published in June 2016). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • “Can self-regulation do the job?”, Trademarks & Brands Online (March 2016). Co-author: Flip Petillion.

  • Comment on Brussels District Court decision of June 26, 2015, regarding jurisdiction in Domain Name cases, “Le ‘cas échéant’ en matière de competence dans les litiges concerant les noms de domane”, IRDI, 2015, 68, Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Domains and Domain Names – Global Overview, Getting The Deal Through, 2016. Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Application for New gTLDs and Domain Names, Getting The Deal Through, 2016. Co-Authors: Flip Petillion and Jan Janssen.

  • ICANN Dispute Resolution Procedures, Getting The Deal Through, 2016. Co-Authors: Jan Janssen and Flip Petillion.

  • Domains & Domain Names – Belgium, Getting The Deal Through, 2016. Co-Authors: Diego Noesen, Jan Janssen and Flip Petillion.

  • Article on the predatory pricing by Vox Populi: “Has .SUCKS set a dangerous precedent?”, Trademarks & Brands Online (July 2015). Co-author: Flip Petillion.

  • Article on anti-competitive aspects of exclusively controlled gTLDs: “Restricted Access”, Trademarks & Brands Online (February 2015). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Domains and Domain Names – Global Overview, Getting The Deal Through, 2015. Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Application for New gTLDs and Domain Names, Getting The Deal Through, 2015. Co-Authors: John Murino, Emily Alban and Flip Petillion.

  • ICANN Dispute Resolution Procedures, Getting The Deal Through, 2015. Co-Authors: Jan Janssen and Flip Petillion.

  • Domains & Domain Names – Belgium, Getting The Deal Through, 2015. Co-Authors: Diego Noesen, Jan Janssen and Flip Petillion.

  • The ICC Intellectual Property Roadmap. Current and Emerging Issues for Business and Policy Makers (12th Edition) (2014). Co-author: Flip Petillion.

  • ICC Domain Names and New Generic Top-Level Domains, in ICC Concise notes on intellectual property issues for business (2014). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • “Wetboek van Economisch Recht aangevuld met een Boek Intellectuele Eigendom”, RABG IP Edition (December 2014). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • ‘Geografische aanduiding in de algemene voorwaarden van DNS Belgium – Quo Vadis?’, Comment on the CEPANI Case re medialaan.be, IRDI, 2014, 701.

  • Article on the New gTLDs: “Filling the NTIA void”in Trademarks Brands Online (May 2014). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Article on Fluid Trademarks: “Fluid trademarks: keeping them watertight”, Trademarks & Brands Online (May 2014). Interviewee: Flip Petillion.

  • "De postsector doorgelicht [Clearance on the Postal Sector]," Tijdschrift voor het recht van netwerkindustrieën (January 2014). Co-Authors: Jan Janssen and Flip Petillion.

  • "Des marques et des lettres dans les nouvelles extensions Internet," IRDI (January 2014). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Domains and Domain Names – Global Overview, Getting The Deal Through, 2014. Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Application for New gTLDs and Domain Names, Getting The Deal Through, 2014. Co-Authors: John Murino, Emily Alban and Flip Petillion.

  • ICANN Dispute Resolution Procedures, Getting The Deal Through, 2014. Co-Authors: Jan Janssen and Flip Petillion.

  • Domains & Domain Names – Belgium, Getting The Deal Through, 2014. Co-Authors: Diego Noesen, Jan Janssen and Flip Petillion.

  • "10 jaar duiding en al heel wat evoluties - samengesteld door Flip Petillion", Chapter on Intellectual Property in a special edition celebrating RABG's 10th anniversary, RABG (2013/12). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • "Claims on the Internet," VRG-Alumniboek (March 8, 2013). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De gegronde redenen van de merkhouder in de Europese rechtspraak," BMM Bulletin (1/2013). Co-Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Opgepast voor onrechtmatige dates," Commentary on Ghent, 10 December 2012, Markpraktijken Intellectuele Eigendom - Mededinging (2012). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "On your marks for the great gTLD brand race," World Trademark Review (August/September 2011). Co-Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Virtual Realities: Game Changer," Intellectual Property Magazine (March 2011). Co-Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De 200% regel: Om piraten ‘ex aequo et bono’ te kapen?," [An article on the calculation of damages as compensation for IP infringements], Commentary on Rb Antwerpen, IRDI (2010/2) (October 5, 2009). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Een analyse van vloeiende merken: op zoek naar een houvast in een wereld van "panta rhei'," [An article on fluid trademarks], IRDI (September 2009). Co-Authors: Flip Petillion and Cedric Vanleenhove.

  • "Protect your fluid trade marks in Europe," Managing Intellectual Property (September 2009). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De liberalisering van de postsector: een stand van zaken" [The Status of affaires on the liberalization of the postal sector], Nieuw Juridisch Weekblad nr. 204' of 10 (June 2009). Co-Authors: Flip Petillion and Dirk Appelmans.

  • "Knowhow is niet vatbaar voor beschrijvend beslag inzage namaak - het is ondanks verordening 772/2004 echter geen intellectueel recht", Commentary on Ghent, 1 December 2008 (Glassiled) (IRDI 2009/1). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Review of 'Handboek Merkenrecht (Benelux, Communautair, Internationaal), F. Gotzen and M.-C. Janssens, Bruylant, 2008' (IRDI 2009/1). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Trademarks 2009: Belgium," Getting the Deal Through - Global Competition Review (2008). Co-Authors: Flip Petillion and Kristof Roox.

  • Arbitrage, [Paper on Arbitration and model texts for arbitrations], Modellen voor het bedrijfsleven, Kluwer (2008). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Patents 2008: Belgium," Getting the Deal Through (2008). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Trademarks 2008: Belgium," Getting the Deal Through (2008). Co-Authors: Flip Petillion and Kristof Roox.

  • "Copyright 2008: Belgium," Getting the Deal Through (2008). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Inbreuken op het portretrecht leiden tot contractuele en/of extracontractuele schadevergoeding," Commentary on Gent, 21 February 2008 [Case law annotation on the damages in case of violation of the image right protected by copyright], RABG (2008/20). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Copyright 2007: Belgium," Getting the Deal Through (2007). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Vermogensrechten van werken gemaakt in opdracht gaan niet over door de betaling van de factuur," Commentary on Rb. Kortrijk, 17 April 2007 [Case law annotation on the transfer of economic rights of material protected by intellectual property in view of the payment of an invoice], RABG (2007/14). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Wetgeving intellectuele rechten ondergaat ingrijpende wijzigingen," RABG (2007/12). Author:Flip Petillion.

  • "Overzicht van de .be beslissingen in de ADR-procedure van Cepina (2001-2006)," [Overview of caselaw on .be domain name litigation], Computerrecht (2007/2). Co-Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Bevel tot staken is niet meteen een aansprakelijkheidsoordeel", Commentary on President Rb. Brussels, 29 June 2007 [Case law annotation regarding the relation between an injunction and the liability of intermediaries], Computerrecht (2007/6). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Moet een stakingsbevel als handhavingsmiddel gepaard gaan met een belangenafweging?", Commentary on President Rb. Brussels, 29 June 2007 [Case law annotation regarding the need for a balance of interest check when ordering an injunction in a copyright infringement matter], I.R.D.I. (2007/4). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Eén jaar .eu: een kritische analyse van de preventieve maatregelen en geschillenbeslechting" [Overview of caselaw on .eu domain name litigation], Computerrecht (2007/2). Co-Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Précisions bienvenues sur la responsabilité objective et la réparation du dommage en droit d’auteur", Commentary on Rb. Gent, 10 January 2007 [Case law annotation regarding the calculation of damages in copyright infringement cases], I.R.D.I. (2007/1). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Belgium explores damages options" [Overview of Belgian law regarding the calculation of damages in intellectual property infringement cases], Managing Intellectual Property (December 2006/January 2007). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Vormt de registratie en het gebruik van domeinnamen reclame in de zin van art. 22 en 23 WHPC?" [Is the registration and the use of domain names equal to the publication of an advertisement?] Handelspraktijken & Mededinging (2006). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Commentary on Cass. (Supreme Court), 27 May 2005 [Case law annotation on the possible liability of intermediaries in case of off-line copyright infringement], Computerrecht (2006). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Domain name recovery in Europe," Interlaw IP IT Newsletter (Summer edition 2005). Editor: Flip Petillion.

  • "De auteursrechtelijke bescherming van plannen van architecten", Commentary on Pres. Rb. Gent, 24 January 2005 [Case law annotation on copyrights of architects], I.R.D.I. (2005/3). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • “De strijd tegen het illegaal verwerven van auteursrechtelijk beschermd materiaal via internet”, Commentary on Rb. Brussel, 26 November 2004 [Case law annotation on the possible liability of intermediaries in case of on-line copyright infringement], Computerrecht (2005/2). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De naamsoverdracht van intellectuele rechten bij faillissement," Commentary on Pres. Rb. Brussel, 16 November 2004 [Case law annotation on intellectual property rights in case of bankruptcy], I.R.D.I. (2005/1). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Arbitragehof 24 maart 2004 RABG, p. 640-641 (2004/10). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Patentability of Software: Status Questionis. An incentive to be inventive," I.R.D.I (2004/3). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Google goochelt en ontgoochelt…" [The possible liability of Google for trademark infringement by users of AdWords and AdSense], I.R.D.I. (2004/3). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Benelux Merkenwet aangevuld met een oppositieprocedure," [The newest Benelux Trademark Opposition procedure], RABG (2004/2). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Ongevraagde reclame via elektronische post – een status questionis," [An article on spam], RABG (2004/4). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De media in het Dutroux-proces," [The role of the media in the most important Belgian criminal case of the 20th Century], RABG (2004/6). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De rol van de Kruispuntbank van Ondernemingen voor advocaten," RABG, p. 1159-1162 (2003/19). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De Niqaab-zaak - Vrouwe Justitia in negatief?," [The right to cover the head vs the obligation to disclose identity in court], RABG, p. 1086-1087 (2003/18). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Wederrechtelijk geregistreerde domeinnamen: voortaan vatbaar voor een stakingsvordering," [The new law on illegal registration of domain names], RABG (2003/15). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Nieuwe wet moet de juridische aspecten van de diensten van de informatiemaatschappij regelen," RABG, p. 503-510 (2003/9). Co-Authors: Flip Petillion and E. Vandekerckhove.

  • "Kruispuntbank van Ondernemingen een feit," RABG, p. 321-326 (2003/6). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Arbitragehof vermindert opnieuw het aantal toegangswegen tot de magistratuur," RABG, p. 282 (2003/5). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Het Banksys-arrest: een instinker?," [The Banksys decision: misleading?], Computerrecht (2002/6). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "La responsabilité des intermédiaires dans la violation des droits d’auteurs," [The liability of intermediaries with regard to the violation of copyright], Droit Intellectuel: A la rencontre d’une stratégie pour l’entreprise (2002). Co-authors: Flip Petillion and Sophie Huart.

  • Belgian privatisation – new developments, Privatisation International (2001). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "EU Commissie publiceert standardclausules voor doorgifte van persoonsgegevens buiten de EU," [EU Commission publishes sample contract clauses for transfer of personal data outside the EU], DA OR Actualité-Actualiteit, p. 22 (September 2001). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Elektronische handtekening: invoering in Belgisch recht is halfweg," [Electronic signature: Introduction in Belgian law is mid-way], DA OR Actualité-Actualiteit, p. 22 (March 2001). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Les nouvelles conditions générales de l’a.s.b.l. DNS Belgique," [The new general conditions of DNS Belgium], DA OR Actualité-Actualiteit, p. 22 (2001). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Domeinnamen: hoe misbruik bestrijden?," [How to fight illegal domain name registration], Cahier van de Jurist (2000/5). Co-Authors: Flip Petillion and J. Steenlant.

  • "Domeinnamen in België: DNS België belooft liberalisering en soepele procedure," [The liberalization of the right to register domain names], DA OR Actualiteit (2000). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Richtlijnen voor het onderhandelen van telecommunicatieovereenkomsten voor professionele gebruikers," [Guidelines for the negotiation of telecommunications agreements by professional users], Cahier van de Jurist (2000/5). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De Richtlijn inzake elektronische handel," [The e-Commerce directive], DA OR Actualité-Actualiteit, p. 21 (October 2000). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Domeinnamen in België : DNS België belooft liberalisering en soepele procedure," [Domainnames in Belgium: DNS promises liberalisation and a flexible procedure], DA OR Actualité-Actualiteit, p. 21 (2000). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Belgian privatisation slowed down, Privatisation International (2000). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • De privatisering van Belgacom: een noodzakelijk goed, paper published in the FET (Financieel Economische Tijd) (31 December 1999). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Belgium Privatisation pushes forward, Privatisation International (1999). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • De emotie van de Internet-tarieven, paper published in the FET (Financieel Economische Tijd) (14 December 1999). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Legal impact of the Y2K problem in Belgium – importance for the telecoms sector, in Beltug, p. 6 (1999). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Publiciteit en de Wet van 21 oktober 1992 betreffende de misleidende reclame inzake vrije beroepen" [Publicity and the Act of October 21, 1992 on misleading publicity in so called liberal professions] Tableau, 1995/14, pp. 6-7 (French and Dutch edition) (December 1, 1995). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De wet betreffende de handelsagentuur-overeenkomsten" [The law on commercial agency contracts], Tableau, 1995/13, pp. 5-6 (French and Dutch edition). (November 1, 1995). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Procedures met een onregelmatige V.O.F. of haar vennoten als tegenpartij: implicaties voor en na het van kracht worden van de Wet van 13 april 1995" [Procedures with an irregular ‘Société en Nom Collectif” or its partners as opposing party: implications (October 1, 1995). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De artikelen 747, 748 en 750 Ger.W. ingevolge de wetswijziging in de Wet van 23 maart 1995" [Articles 747, 748 and 750 of the Judicial Code after the Act of March 23, 1995], Tableau, 1995/1, 1, pp. 3-6 (French and Dutch edition). (August 1, 1995). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Tuchtvervolging, onafhankelijkheid, onpartijdigheid en beroepsgeheim" [Disciplinary procedure, independence, impartiality and professional secret], Tableau, 1995/10, pp. 2-3 (French and Dutch edition). (August 1, 1995). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Artikel 26 van de voorafgaande titel van het Wetboek van Strafvordering" [Article 26 of the preliminary provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure], Tableau, 1995/9, pp. 4-6 (French and Dutch edition). (April 1, 1995). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De hoedanigheid van de curator van een N.V. of B.V.B.A. tegenover de hoofdelijke borg van de vennootschap" [The quality of the receiver of a limited liability company or a limited liability partnership vis-à-vis a jointly and severally liable guarantee of the company], T.R.V. (1995), p. 26-37. (March 1, 1995). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Het vorderingsrecht van buitenlandse vennootschappen en offshore-vennootschappen in het bijzonder" [The claim by foreign companies, offshore-companies in particular], T.R.V. (1995), p. 412-416. (February 1, 1995). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Procedures met een onregelmatig V.O.F. of haar vennoten als tegenpartij: implicaties vóór en nà het van kracht worden van de Wet van 13 april 1995", A.J.T. (1994-95), p. 537. (January 2, 1995). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De mogelijke motieven tot weigering van een inschrijving op de lijst van de stagiairs of op het tableau van de advocaten" [Possible reasons for refusal of registration on the list of apprentices or on the list of attorneys], Tableau, 1994/21, pp. (August 1, 1994). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Het mandaat ad litem, artikel 440, lid 2 Ger.W. en fiscale voorzieningen" [The legal representation, article 440, 2 of the Judicial Code and tax procedures], Tableau, 1994/19, pp. 5-7 (French and Dutch edition). (July 1, 1994). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Beslag op goederen die toebehoren aan publiekrechtelijke rechtspersonen en het nieuw artikel 1412bis Ger.W." [Attachment of goods which belong to public authorities and the new article 1412bis of the Judicial Code], Tableau, 1994/18, pp. 6-7 (French and Dutch edition). (June 1, 1994). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De kennisgeving van vonnissen en artikel 792, lid 4 Ger.W." [The notification of judgements and article 792, 4 of the Judicial Code], Tableau, 1994/14, pp. 4-5 (French and Dutch edition). (May 1, 1994). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De vrije bevoegdheid van de burgerlijke rechter in kort geding t.a.v. discretionaire bestuurshandelingen" [The independent jurisdiction of the civil judge in summary proceedings vis-à-vis the discretionary administrative decisions], Tableau, 1994/9, pp. 46 (French and Dutch edition). (April 1, 1994). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De afwezigheid van sancties bij onrechtmatig taalgebruik in de rechtspleging voor de raden van de orde der geneesheren" [The absence of sanctions in cases where languages are illegally used in procedures before the councils of the medical society], Tableau, 1994/6, pp. 3-4 (French and Dutch edition). (March 1, 1994). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Het begrip handelsagent in de Europese Richtlijn van 18 december 1986, het wetsontwerp van 19 mei 1992 en de rechtspraak" [The notion of ‘Commercial Agent’ in the European Directive, the Draft belgian law and caselaw], Distributierecht (1987-1992, 1994), p. 259-268. (February 1, 1994). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Implementing the EC Directive: Ramifications of Intellectual Property Protection, in The International Computer Lawyer (with Prof. Dr. M. Flamée), Vol. 1, N-5, April 1993, 25-32. (April 1, 1993). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Book review of Dumortier, J. & Taeymans, M., Informaticageschillen [Litigation on software], Universitaire Pers, Leuven, 1992, 197 p., in R.W., 1992-93, pp. 830-831. (March 1, 1993). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "De kennisgeving van vonnissen voorzien in artikel 792, lid 2 Ger.W." [The notification of judgements provided in article 792, 2 of the Judicial Code], Tableau, 1994/4, pp. 4-5 (French and Dutch edition). (February 1, 1993). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Naar de afschaffing van de aanmoediging van jongeren om zich te vestigen als advocaat?" [Towards the abolition of the encouragement of young people to settle themselves as a lawyer], R.W. (1993-94), p. 553-562 en http://www.rwe.be (11 oktober 2005). (January 1, 1993). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Rechtsbescherming van computerprogramma's via het auteursrecht" [Legal protection of computer software via copyright], Le Droit des Affaires en Evolution Tendensen in het Bedrijfsrecht (1992), p. 135-192. (August 1, 1992). Authors: Flip Petillion and M. Flamée.

  • Book review of Moors, J., Dutch-French Legal Dictionary, Die Keure, Brugge, 1991, 724 p., in R.W., 1991-92, pp. 100- 101. (July 1, 1992). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • Book review of Moors, J., French-Dutch Legal Dictionary, La Charte, Bruges, 1991, 706 p., in J.T., 1991, p. 687. (January 1, 1991). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "Samenvoeging ingevolge onsplitsbaarheid en bevoegdheidsafwijzing ingevolge splitsbaarheid" [Junction of cases which are not separable and denial of jurisdiction in cases which can be separated], R.W. (1990-91), p. 1136-1139. (December 1, 1990). Author: Flip Petillion.

  • "In welke mate kan een rechter van een EEX land een rechter van een ander EEX land bevoegd maken?" [To what extent may a judge in an E.E.C. Member State give jurisdiction to a judge in another E.E.C. Member State ?], T.B.H. (1990), p. 804-806. (January 1, 1990). Author: Flip Petillion.